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The First Step In The Mental Training
Some of the old Zen masters are said to have attained to supr...

Flight Of The Sixth Patriarch
On the following morning the news of what had happened during...

The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...

Do Thy Best And Leave The Rest To Providence
There is another point of view which enables us to enjoy life...

A Sutra Equal In Size To The Whole World
The holy writ that Zen masters admire is not one of parchment...

Real Self
If there be no individual soul either in mind or body, where ...

Zen After The Downfall Of The Ho-jo Regency
Towards the end of the Ho-Jo period,[FN#90] and after the dow...

Everything Is Living According To Zen
Everything alive has a strong innate tendency to preserve its...

The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...

Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...

The Law Of Balance In Life
It is also the case with human affairs. Social positions hig...

The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...

Life In The Concrete
Life in the concrete, which we are living, greatly differs fr...

Zen In The Dark Age
The latter half of the Ashikaga period was the age of arms an...

The Ten Pictures Of The Cowherd
[FN#275] The pictures were drawn by Kwoh Ngan (Kaku-an), a...

The Parable Of The Robber Kih
Chwang Tsz (So-shi) remarks in a humorous way to the followi...

Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...

Where Does The Root Of The Illusion Lie?
Now let us examine where illusion lies hidden from the view o...

The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...

Zazen And The Forgetting Of Self
Zazen is a most effectual means of destroying selfishness, th...




Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung








According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less real than
evil, and evil is no more unreal than good. Therefore man must be
double-natured-that is, partly good and partly bad. This is the
reason why the history of man is full of fiendish crimes, and, at the
same time, it abounds with godly deeds. This is the reason why
mankind comprises, on the one hand, a Socrates, a Confucius, a Jesus,
and, on the other, a Nero and a Kieh. This is the reason why we find
to-day a honest fellow in him whom we find a betrayer to-morrow.

[FN#163] Yan Hiung (died A.D. 18) is the reputed author of Tai Huen
(Tai-gen) and Fah Yen (Ho-gen). His opinion in reference to human
nature is found in Fah Yen.


This view of man's nature might explain our present moral state, yet
it calls forth many questions bard to answer. If this assertion be
true, is it not a useless task to educate man with the purpose of
making him better and nobler? How could one extirpate man's bad
nature implanted within him at his origin? If man be double-natured,
how did he come to set good over evil? How did he come to consider
that he ought to be good and ought not to be bad? How could you
establish the authority of morality?






Next: Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shih

Previous: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz



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