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The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...

Flight Of The Sixth Patriarch
On the following morning the news of what had happened during...

Buddha The Universal Life
Zen conceives Buddha as a Being, who moves, stirs, inspires, ...

Introduction Of Zen Into China By Bodhidharma
An epoch-making event took place in the Buddhist history of C...

Pessimistic View Of The Ancient Hindus
In addition to this, the new theory of matter has entirely ov...

The Errors Of Philosophical Pessimists And Religious Optimists
Philosophical pessimists[FN#214] maintain that there are on e...

The Buddha Of Mercy
Milton says: Virtue may be assailed, but never hurt; Surp...

Three Important Elements Of Zen
To understand how Zen developed during some four hundred year...

Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz
The weaknesses of Mencius's theory are fully exposed by anot...

Thing-in-itself Means Thing-knowerless
How, then, did philosophers come to consider reality to be un...

Zen After The Downfall Of The Ho-jo Regency
Towards the end of the Ho-Jo period,[FN#90] and after the dow...

There Is No Mortal Who Is Non-moral Or Purely Immoral
The same is the case with the third and the fourth class of p...

No Need Of The Scriptural Authority For Zen
Some Occidental scholars erroneously identify Buddhism with t...

The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...

The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...

The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...

Idealism Is A Potent Medicine For Self-created Mental Disease
In so far as Buddhist idealism refers to the world of sense, ...

The Examination Of The Notion Of Self
The belief in immortality is based on the strong instinct of ...

Scripture Is No More Than Waste Paper
[FN#107] Zen is not based on any particular sutra, either of...

Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius
Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, se...




Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung








According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less real than
evil, and evil is no more unreal than good. Therefore man must be
double-natured-that is, partly good and partly bad. This is the
reason why the history of man is full of fiendish crimes, and, at the
same time, it abounds with godly deeds. This is the reason why
mankind comprises, on the one hand, a Socrates, a Confucius, a Jesus,
and, on the other, a Nero and a Kieh. This is the reason why we find
to-day a honest fellow in him whom we find a betrayer to-morrow.

[FN#163] Yan Hiung (died A.D. 18) is the reputed author of Tai Huen
(Tai-gen) and Fah Yen (Ho-gen). His opinion in reference to human
nature is found in Fah Yen.


This view of man's nature might explain our present moral state, yet
it calls forth many questions bard to answer. If this assertion be
true, is it not a useless task to educate man with the purpose of
making him better and nobler? How could one extirpate man's bad
nature implanted within him at his origin? If man be double-natured,
how did he come to set good over evil? How did he come to consider
that he ought to be good and ought not to be bad? How could you
establish the authority of morality?






Next: Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shih

Previous: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz



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