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There Is No Mortal Who Is Purely Moral
By nature man should be either good or bad; or he should be g...

Zen And Nirvana
The beatitude of Zen is Nirvana, not in the Hinayanistic sens...

An Illusion Concerning Appearance And Reality
To get Enlightened we must next dispel an illusion respecting...

The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...

All The Worlds In Ten Directions Are Buddha's Holy Land
We are to resume this problem in the following chapter. Suff...

The First Step In The Mental Training
Some of the old Zen masters are said to have attained to supr...

The Breathing Exercise Of The Yogi
Breathing exercise is one of the practices of Yoga, and somew...

Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
In the foregoing chapters we have had several occasions to re...

The Examination Of The Notion Of Self
The belief in immortality is based on the strong instinct of ...

The Theory Of Buddha-nature Adequately Explains The Ethical States Of Man
This theory of Buddha-nature enables us to get an insight int...

Life Change And Hope
The doctrine of Transcience never drives us to the pessimisti...

Buddha Dwelling In The Individual Mind
Enlightened Consciousness in the individual mind acquires for...

Where Then Does The Error Lie?
Where, then, does the error lie in the four possible proposit...

The Absolute And Reality Are But An Abstraction
A grain of sand you, trample upon has a deeper significance t...

The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung (tai-so)
The Third[FN#40] Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin)...

The Introduction Of The So-to School Of Zen
[FN#75] This school was started by Tsing-Yuen (Sei-gen)...

Life And Change
A peculiar phase of life is change which appears in the form ...

Zen And Idealism
Next Zen makes use of Idealism as explained by the Dharmalaks...

Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...

Personalism Of B P Bowne
B. P. Bowne[FN#204] says: They (phenomena) are not phantoms o...




The Ancient Buddhist Pantheon








The ancient Buddhist pantheon was full of deities or Buddhas,
3,000[FN#137] in number, or rather countless, and also of
Bodhisattvas no less than Buddhas. Nowadays, however, in every
church of Mahayanism one Buddha or another together with some
Bodhisattvas reigns supreme as the sole object of worship, while
other supernatural beings sink in oblivion. These Enlightened
Beings, regardless of their positions in the pantheon, were generally
regarded as persons who in their past lives cultivated virtues,
underwent austerities, and various sorts of penance, and at length
attained to a complete Enlightenment, by virtue of which they secured
not only peace and eternal bliss, but acquired divers supernatural
powers, such as clairvoyance, clairaudience, all-knowledge, and what
not. Therefore, it is natural that some Mahayanists[FN#138] came to
believe that, if they should go through the same course of discipline
and study, they could attain to the same Enlightenment and Bliss, or
the same Buddhahood, while other Mahayanists[FN#139] came to believe
in the doctrine that the believer is saved and led up to the eternal
state of bliss, without undergoing these hard disciplines, by the
power of a Buddha known as having boundless mercy and fathomless
wisdom whom he invokes.


[FN#137] Trikalpa-trisahasra-buddhanrama-sutra gives the names of
3,000 Buddhas, and Buddhabhisita-buddhanama-sutra enumerates Buddhas
and Bodhisattvas 11,093 in number. See Nanjo's Catalogue, Nos. 404,
405, 406, 407.

[FN#138] Those who believe in the doctrine of Holy Path. See 'A
History of the Twelve Japanese Buddhist Sects,' pp. 109-111.

[FN#139] Those who believe in the doctrine of the Pure Land.






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