Samurai The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...
The Parable Of The Robber Kih
Chwang Tsz (So-shi) remarks in a humorous way to the followi...
Everything Is Living According To Zen
Everything alive has a strong innate tendency to preserve its...
Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius
Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, se...
In addition to these considerations, which mainly depend on i...
Thing-in-itself Means Thing-knowerless
How, then, did philosophers come to consider reality to be un...
Life In The Concrete
Life in the concrete, which we are living, greatly differs fr...
The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...
Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Objective Reality
But extreme Idealism identifies 'to be' with 'to be known,' a...
Buddha The Universal Life
Zen conceives Buddha as a Being, who moves, stirs, inspires,
The Awakening Of The Innermost Wisdom
Having set ourselves free from the misconception of Self, nex...
Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz
The weaknesses of Mencius's theory are fully exposed by anot...
Retribution In The Past The Present And The Future Life
Then a question suggests itself: If there be no soul that su...
The First Step In The Mental Training
Some of the old Zen masters are said to have attained to supr...
The Social State Of Japan When Zen Was Established By Ei-sai And Do-gen
Now we have to observe the condition of the country when Zen ...
Where Does The Root Of The Illusion Lie?
Now let us examine where illusion lies hidden from the view o...
The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...
Origin Of Zen In India
To-day Zen as a living faith can be found in its pure form on...
The Next Step In The Mental Training
In the next place we have to strive to be the master of our b...
Decline Of Zen
The blooming prosperity of Zen was over towards the end of th...
The Great Person And Small Person
For these reasons Zen proposes to call man Buddha-natured or
Good-natured in a sense transcendental to the duality of good and
bad. It conveys no sense to call some individuals good in case there
is no bad individual. For the sake of convenience, however, Zen
calls man good, as is exemplified by Shakya Muni, who was wont to
address his hearers as 'good men and women,' and by the Sixth
Patriarch in China, who called everybody 'a good and wise one.' This
does not imply in the least that all human beings are virtuous,
sinless, and saintly-nay, the world is full of vices and crimes. It
is an undeniable fact that life is the warfare of good against evil,
and many a valiant hero has fallen in the foremost ranks. It is
curious, however, to notice that the champions on the both sides are
fighting for the same cause. There can be no single individual in
the world who is fighting against his own cause or interest, and the
only possible difference between one party and the other consists in
the extent of interests which they fight for. So-called bad persons,
who are properly designated as 'small persons' by Chinese and
Japanese scholars, express their Buddha-nature to a small extent
mostly within their own doors, while so-called good persons, or
'great persons' as the Oriental scholars call them, actualize their
Buddha-nature to a large extent in the whole sphere of a country, or
of the whole earth.
Enlightened Consciousness, or Buddha-nature, as we have seen in the
previous chapter, is the mind of mind and the consciousness of
consciousness, Universal Spirit awakened in individual minds, which
realizes the universal brotherhood of all beings and the unity of
individual lives. It is the real self, the guiding principle, the
Original Physiognomy[FN#169] (nature), as it is called by Zen, of
man. This real self lies dormant under the threshold of
consciousness in the minds of the confused; consequently, each of
them is inclined to regard petty individual as his self, and to exert
himself to further the interests of the individual self even at the
cost of those of the others. He is 'the smallest person' in the
world, for his self is reduced to the smallest extent possible. Some
of the less confused identify their selves with their families, and
feel happy or unhappy in proportion as their families are happy or
unhappy, for the sake of which they sacrifice the interests of other
families. On the other hand, some of the more enlightened unite
their selves through love and compassion with their whole tribe or
countrymen, and consider the rise or fall of the tribe or of the
country as their own, and willingly sacrifice their own lives, if
need be, for the cause of the tribe or the country. When they are
fully enlightened, they can realize the unity of all sentient lives,
and be ever merciful and helpful towards all creatures. They are
'the greatest persons' on earth, because their selves are enlarged to
the greatest extent possible.
[FN#169] The expression first occurs in Ho-bo-dan-kyo of the Sixth
Patriarch, and is frequently used by later Zenists.
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