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The Theory Of Buddha-nature Adequately Explains The Ethical States Of Man
This theory of Buddha-nature enables us to get an insight int...

Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...

Buddha-nature Is The Common Source Of Morals
Furthermore, Buddha-nature or real self, being the seat of lo...

Personalism Of B P Bowne
B. P. Bowne[FN#204] says: They (phenomena) are not phantoms o...

Zen And Idealism
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Three Important Elements Of Zen
To understand how Zen developed during some four hundred year...

Buddha Is Unnamable
Give a definite name to Deity, He would be no more than what ...

The Second And The Third Patriarchs
After the death of the First Patriarch, in A.D. 528, Hwui Ko ...

Enlightened Consciousness Is Not An Intellectual Insight
Enlightened Consciousness is not a bare intellectual insight,...

The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...

The Absolute And Reality Are But An Abstraction
A grain of sand you, trample upon has a deeper significance t...

Sutras Used By Zen Masters
Ten Dai failed to explain away the discrepancies and contradi...

Life Change And Hope
The doctrine of Transcience never drives us to the pessimisti...

Zen Is Not Nihilistic
Zen judged from ancient Zen masters' aphorisms may seem, at t...

Zazen And The Forgetting Of Self
Zazen is a most effectual means of destroying selfishness, th...

Where Then Does The Error Lie?
Where, then, does the error lie in the four possible proposit...

The Parable Of A Drunkard
Now the question arises, If all human beings are endowed with...

The Beatitude Of Zen
We are far from denying, as already shown in the foregoing ch...

Our Conception Of Buddha Is Not Final
Has, then, the divine nature of Universal Spirit been complet...

Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius
Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, se...

Wang Yang Ming (o-yo-mei) And A Thief

One evening when Wang was giving a lecture to a number of students on
his famous doctrine that all human beings are endowed with
Conscience,[FN#168] a thief broke into the house and hid himself in
the darkest corner. Then Wang declared aloud that every human being
is born with Conscience, and that even the thief who had got into the
house had Conscience just as the sages of old. The burglar,
overhearing these remarks, came out to ask the forgiveness of the
master; since there was no way of escape for him, and he was
half-naked, he crouched behind the students. Wang's willing
forgiveness and cordial treatment encouraged the man to ask the
question how the teacher could know such a poor wretch as he was
endowed with Conscience as the sages of old. Wang replied: It is
your Conscience that makes you ashamed of your nakedness. You
yourself are a sage, if you abstain from everything that will put
shame on you. We firmly believe that Wang is perfectly right in
telling the thief that he was not different in nature from the sages
of old. It is no exaggeration. It is a saving truth. It is also a
most effective way of saving men out of darkness of sin. Any thief
ceases to be a thief the moment he believes in his own Conscience, or
Buddha-nature. You can never correct criminals by your severe
reproach or punishment. You can save them only through your sympathy
and love, by which you call forth their inborn Buddha-nature.
Nothing can produce more pernicious effects on criminals than to
treat them as if they were a different sort of people and confirm
them in their conviction that they are bad-natured. We greatly
regret that even in a civilized society authorities neglecting this
saving truth are driving to perdition those criminals under their
care, whom it is their duty to save.

[FN#168] It is not conscience in the ordinary sense of the term. It
is 'moral' principle, according to Wang, pervading through the
Universe. 'It expresses itself as Providence in Heaven, as moral
nature in man, and as mechanical laws in things.' The reader will
notice that Wang's Conscience is the nearest approach to

Next: The Bad Are The Good In The Egg

Previous: The Parable Of The Robber Kih

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