Buddhism The World Is In The Making
Our assertion is far from assuming that life is now complete,...
No Need Of The Scriptural Authority For Zen
Some Occidental scholars erroneously identify Buddhism with t...
Zazen Or The Sitting In Meditation
Habit comes out of practice, and forms character by degrees, ...
Life Change And Hope
The doctrine of Transcience never drives us to the pessimisti...
The Ten Pictures Of The Cowherd
The pictures were drawn by Kwoh Ngan (Kaku-an), a Chinese...
The Second And The Third Patriarchs
After the death of the First Patriarch, in A.D. 528, Hwui Ko ...
The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...
Personalism Of B P Bowne
B. P. Bowne says: They (phenomena) are not phantoms or
An Illusion Concerning Appearance And Reality
To get Enlightened we must next dispel an illusion respecting...
Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...
The Third Step In The Mental Training
To be the lord of mind is more essential to Enlightenment, wh...
The Bad Are The Good In The Egg
This is not only the case with a robber or a murderer, but al...
The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...
Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...
Zen Is Iconoclastic
For the followers of Bodhidharma, however, this conception of...
Thing-in-itself Means Thing-knowerless
How, then, did philosophers come to consider reality to be un...
Nature And Her Lesson
Nature offers us nectar and ambrosia every day, and everywher...
The Absolute And Reality Are But An Abstraction
A grain of sand you, trample upon has a deeper significance t...
Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung Yo-yu
According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less re...
Origin Of Zen In India
To-day Zen as a living faith can be found in its pure form on...
An Illusion Concerning Appearance And Reality
To get Enlightened we must next dispel an illusion respecting
appearance and reality. According. to certain religionists, all the
phenomena of the universe are to succumb to change. Worldly things
one and all are evanescent. They are nought in the long run.
Snowcapped mountains may sink into the bottom of the deep, while the
sands in the fathomless ocean may soar into the azure sky at some
time or other. Blooming flowers are destined to fade and to bloom
again in the next year. So destined are growing trees, rising
generations, prospering nations, glowing suns, moons, and stars.
This, they would say, is only the case with phenomena or appearances,
but not with reality. Growth and decay, birth and death, rise and
fall, all these are the ebb and flow of appearances in the ocean of
reality, which is always the same. Flowers may fade and be reduced
to dust, yet out of that dust come flowers. Trees may die out, yet
they are reproduced somewhere else. The time may come when the earth
will become a dead sphere quite unsuitable for human habitation, and
the whole of mankind will perish; yet who knows that whether another
earth may not be produced as man's home? The sun might have its
beginning and end, stars, moons, theirs as well; yet an infinite
universe would have no beginning nor end.
Again, they say, mutation is of the world of sense or phenomenal
appearances, but not of reality. The former are the phases of the
latter shown to our senses. Accordingly they are always limited and
modified by our senses, just as images are always limited and
modified by the mirror in which they are reflected. On this account
appearances are subject to limitations, while reality is limitless.
And it follows that the former are imperfect, while the latter is
perfect; that the former is transient, while the latter is eternal;
that the former is relative, while the latter is absolute; that the
former is worldly, while the latter is holy; that the former is
knowable, while the latter is unknowable.
These considerations naturally lead us to an assertion that the world
of appearances is valueless, as it is limited, short-lived,
imperfect, painful, sinful, hopeless, and miserable; while the realm
of reality is to be aspired for, as it is eternal, perfect,
comfortable, full of hope, joy, and peace-hence the eternal divorce
of appearance and reality. Such a view of life tends to make one
minimize the value of man, to neglect the present existence, and to
yearn after the future.
Some religionists tell us that we men are helpless, sinful, hopeless,
and miserable creatures. Worldly riches, temporal honours, and
social positions-nay, even sublimities and beauties of the present
existence, are to be ignored and despised. We have no need of caring
for those things that pass away in a twinkling moment. We must
prepare for the future life which is eternal. We must accumulate
wealth for that existence. We must endeavour to hold rank in it. We
must aspire for the sublimity and beauty and glory of that realm.
Next: Where Does The Root Of The Illusion Lie?
Previous: Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Religion And Morality