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Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...

The World Is In The Making
Our assertion is far from assuming that life is now complete,...

The Method Of Instruction Adopted By Zen Masters
Thus far we have described the doctrine of Zen inculcated by ...

Thing-in-itself Means Thing-knowerless
How, then, did philosophers come to consider reality to be un...

The Errors Of Philosophical Pessimists And Religious Optimists
Philosophical pessimists maintain that there are on earth ma...

Buddha The Universal Life
Zen conceives Buddha as a Being, who moves, stirs, inspires, ...

Life In The Concrete
Life in the concrete, which we are living, greatly differs fr...

Universal Life Is Universal Spirit
These considerations naturally lead us to see that Universal ...

Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Objective Reality
But extreme Idealism identifies 'to be' with 'to be known,' a...

Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
In the foregoing chapters we have had several occasions to re...

The Second And The Third Patriarchs
After the death of the First Patriarch, in A.D. 528, Hwui Ko ...

Each Smile A Hymn Each Kindly Word A Prayer
The glorious sun of Buddha-nature shines in the zenith of Enl...

The First Step In The Mental Training
Some of the old Zen masters are said to have attained to supr...

The Awakening Of The Innermost Wisdom
Having set ourselves free from the misconception of Self, nex...

Where Does The Root Of The Illusion Lie?
Now let us examine where illusion lies hidden from the view o...

The Mystery Of Life
Thus far we have pointed out the inevitable conflictions in l...

The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung Tai-so
The Third Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin), who ...

The Sermon Of The Inanimate
The Scripture of Zen is written with facts simple and familia...

Poetical Intuition And Zen
Since Universal Life or Spirit permeates the universe, the po...

The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...




Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung Yo-yu








According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less real than
evil, and evil is no more unreal than good. Therefore man must be
double-natured-that is, partly good and partly bad. This is the
reason why the history of man is full of fiendish crimes, and, at the
same time, it abounds with godly deeds. This is the reason why
mankind comprises, on the one hand, a Socrates, a Confucius, a Jesus,
and, on the other, a Nero and a Kieh. This is the reason why we find
to-day a honest fellow in him whom we find a betrayer to-morrow.

Yan Hiung (died A.D. 18) is the reputed author of Tai Huen
(Tai-gen) and Fah Yen (Ho-gen). His opinion in reference to human
nature is found in Fah Yen.


This view of man's nature might explain our present moral state, yet
it calls forth many questions bard to answer. If this assertion be
true, is it not a useless task to educate man with the purpose of
making him better and nobler? How could one extirpate man's bad
nature implanted within him at his origin? If man be double-natured,
how did he come to set good over evil? How did he come to consider
that he ought to be good and ought not to be bad? How could you
establish the authority of morality?






Next: Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shi

Previous: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz Jun-shi



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