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Buddhism

Poetical Intuition And Zen
Since Universal Life or Spirit permeates the universe, the po...

Missionary Activity Of The Sixth Patriarch
As we have seen above, the Sixth Patriarch was a great genius...

Buddha The Universal Life
Zen conceives Buddha as a Being, who moves, stirs, inspires, ...

Zen Is Iconoclastic
For the followers of Bodhidharma, however, this conception of...

The Usual Explanation Of The Canon
An eminent Chinese Buddhist scholar, well known as Ten Dai Da...

Where Does The Root Of The Illusion Lie?
Now let us examine where illusion lies hidden from the view o...

Zen Under The Toku-gana Shogunate
Peace was at last restored by Iye-yasu, the founder of the To...

The Spiritual Attainment Of The Sixth Patriarch
Some time before his death (in 675 A.D.) the Fifth Patriarch ...

The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...

Difficulties Are No Match For The Optimist
How can we suppose that we, the children of Buddha, are put a...

There Is No Mortal Who Is Purely Moral
By nature man should be either good or bad; or he should be g...

Zazen Or The Sitting In Meditation
Habit comes out of practice, and forms character by degrees, ...

Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Objective Reality
But extreme Idealism identifies 'to be' with 'to be known,' a...

The Five Ranks Of Merit
Thus far we have stated how to train our body and mind accord...

Epicureanism And Life
There are a good many people always buoyant in spirit and mir...

The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...

The Social State Of Japan When Zen Was Established By Ei-sai And Do-gen
Now we have to observe the condition of the country when Zen ...

Nature Is The Mother Of All Things
Furthermore, man has come into existence out of Nature. He i...

Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shi
(So-shoku). The difficulty may be avoided by a theory given ...

Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
In the foregoing chapters we have had several occasions to re...




Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung Yo-yu








According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less real than
evil, and evil is no more unreal than good. Therefore man must be
double-natured-that is, partly good and partly bad. This is the
reason why the history of man is full of fiendish crimes, and, at the
same time, it abounds with godly deeds. This is the reason why
mankind comprises, on the one hand, a Socrates, a Confucius, a Jesus,
and, on the other, a Nero and a Kieh. This is the reason why we find
to-day a honest fellow in him whom we find a betrayer to-morrow.

Yan Hiung (died A.D. 18) is the reputed author of Tai Huen
(Tai-gen) and Fah Yen (Ho-gen). His opinion in reference to human
nature is found in Fah Yen.


This view of man's nature might explain our present moral state, yet
it calls forth many questions bard to answer. If this assertion be
true, is it not a useless task to educate man with the purpose of
making him better and nobler? How could one extirpate man's bad
nature implanted within him at his origin? If man be double-natured,
how did he come to set good over evil? How did he come to consider
that he ought to be good and ought not to be bad? How could you
establish the authority of morality?






Next: Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shi

Previous: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz Jun-shi



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