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Buddhism

Zen Is Iconoclastic
For the followers of Bodhidharma, however, this conception of...

Enlightened Consciousness
In addition to these considerations, which mainly depend on i...

The World Is In The Making
Our assertion is far from assuming that life is now complete,...

The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...

Bodhidharma And His Successor The Second Patriarch
China was not, however, an uncultivated land for the seed of ...

Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
In the foregoing chapters we have had several occasions to re...

Bodhidharma And The Emperor Wu
No sooner had Bodhidharma landed at Kwang Cheu in Southern Ch...

Nature Is The Mother Of All Things
Furthermore, man has come into existence out of Nature. He i...

The Method Of Instruction Adopted By Zen Masters
Thus far we have described the doctrine of Zen inculcated by ...

Life And Change
A peculiar phase of life is change which appears in the form ...

The First Step In The Mental Training
Some of the old Zen masters are said to have attained to supr...

The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...

The Resemblance Of The Zen Monk To The Samurai
Let us point out in brief the similarities between Zen and Ja...

Real Self
If there be no individual soul either in mind or body, where ...

Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung Yo-yu
According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less re...

The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...

Buddha Dwelling In The Individual Mind
Enlightened Consciousness in the individual mind acquires for...

Each Smile A Hymn Each Kindly Word A Prayer
The glorious sun of Buddha-nature shines in the zenith of Enl...

An Illusion Concerning Appearance And Reality
To get Enlightened we must next dispel an illusion respecting...

Let Go Of Your Idle Thoughts
A famous Zenist, Mu-go-koku-shi, is said to have replied ...




Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius








Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, seem to
have taken so keen an interest in the study of human nature that they
proposed all the possible opinions respecting the subject in
question-namely, (1) man is good-natured; (2) man is bad-natured; (3)
man is good-natured and bad-natured as well; (4) man is neither
good-natured nor bad-natured. The first of these opinions was
proposed by a most reputed Confucianist scholar, Mencius, and his
followers, and is still adhered to by the majority of the Japanese
and the Chinese Confucianists. Mencius thought it as natural for man
to do good as it is for the grass to be green. 'Suppose a person has
happened,' he would say, 'to find a child on the point of tumbling
down into a deep well. He would rescue it even at the risk of his
life, no matter how morally degenerated he might be. He would have
no time to consider that his act might bring him some reward from its
parents, or a good reputation among his friends and fellow-citizens.
He would do it barely out of his inborn good-nature.' After
enumerating some instances similar to this one, Mencius concludes
that goodness is the fundamental nature of man, even if he is often
carried away by his brutal disposition.


Mencius (372-282 B.C.) is regarded as the best expounder of
the doctrine of Confucius. There exists a well-known work of his,
entitled after his own name. See 'A History of Chinese Philosophy,'
by R. Endo, and also 'A History of Chinese Philosophy' (pp. 38-50),
by G. Nakauchi.






Next: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz Jun-shi

Previous: How To Worship Buddha



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