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The Social State Of Japan When Zen Was Established By Ei-sai And Do-gen
Now we have to observe the condition of the country when Zen ...

The Ten Pictures Of The Cowherd
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The Parable Of The Robber Kih
Chwang Tsz (So-shi) remarks in a humorous way to the followin...

Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
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The Application Of The Law Of Causation To Morals
Although it may be needless to state here the law of causatio...

The Eternal Life As Taught By Professor Munsterberg
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The Breathing Exercise Of The Yogi
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Epicureanism And Life
There are a good many people always buoyant in spirit and mir...

Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shi
(So-shoku). The difficulty may be avoided by a theory given ...

The Introduction Of The So-to School Of Zen
This school was started by Tsing-Yuen (Sei-gen), an emine...

The Errors Of Philosophical Pessimists And Religious Optimists
Philosophical pessimists maintain that there are on earth ma...

The World Is In The Making
Our assertion is far from assuming that life is now complete,...

The Beatitude Of Zen
We are far from denying, as already shown in the foregoing ch...

The Next Step In The Mental Training
In the next place we have to strive to be the master of our b...

The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...

Zazen Or The Sitting In Meditation
Habit comes out of practice, and forms character by degrees, ...

The Law Of Balance In Life
It is also the case with human affairs. Social positions hig...

The Five Ranks Of Merit
Thus far we have stated how to train our body and mind accord...

The Creative Force Of Nature And Humanity
The innate tendency of self-preservation, which manifests its...

The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...




Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius








Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, seem to
have taken so keen an interest in the study of human nature that they
proposed all the possible opinions respecting the subject in
question-namely, (1) man is good-natured; (2) man is bad-natured; (3)
man is good-natured and bad-natured as well; (4) man is neither
good-natured nor bad-natured. The first of these opinions was
proposed by a most reputed Confucianist scholar, Mencius, and his
followers, and is still adhered to by the majority of the Japanese
and the Chinese Confucianists. Mencius thought it as natural for man
to do good as it is for the grass to be green. 'Suppose a person has
happened,' he would say, 'to find a child on the point of tumbling
down into a deep well. He would rescue it even at the risk of his
life, no matter how morally degenerated he might be. He would have
no time to consider that his act might bring him some reward from its
parents, or a good reputation among his friends and fellow-citizens.
He would do it barely out of his inborn good-nature.' After
enumerating some instances similar to this one, Mencius concludes
that goodness is the fundamental nature of man, even if he is often
carried away by his brutal disposition.


Mencius (372-282 B.C.) is regarded as the best expounder of
the doctrine of Confucius. There exists a well-known work of his,
entitled after his own name. See 'A History of Chinese Philosophy,'
by R. Endo, and also 'A History of Chinese Philosophy' (pp. 38-50),
by G. Nakauchi.






Next: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz Jun-shi

Previous: How To Worship Buddha



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