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Nature And Her Lesson
Nature offers us nectar and ambrosia every day, and everywher...

Everything Is Living According To Zen
Everything alive has a strong innate tendency to preserve its...

Wang Yang Ming O-yo-mei And A Thief
One evening when Wang was giving a lecture to a number of stu...

Life Change And Hope
The doctrine of Transcience never drives us to the pessimisti...

The Law Of Balance
Nature governs the world with her law of balance. She puts t...

Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...

The Creative Force Of Nature And Humanity
The innate tendency of self-preservation, which manifests its...

The Progress And Hope Of Life
How many myriads of years have passed since the germs of life...

Bodhidharma's Disciples And The Transmission Of The Law
For details, see Chwen Tang Luh and Den Ka Roku, by Kei Z...

The Ancient Buddhist Pantheon
The ancient Buddhist pantheon was full of deities or Buddhas,...

Three Important Elements Of Zen
To understand how Zen developed during some four hundred year...

The Introduction Of The So-to School Of Zen
This school was started by Tsing-Yuen (Sei-gen), an emine...

The Errors Of Philosophical Pessimists And Religious Optimists
Philosophical pessimists maintain that there are on earth ma...

Universal Life Is Universal Spirit
These considerations naturally lead us to see that Universal ...

The First Step In The Mental Training
Some of the old Zen masters are said to have attained to supr...

Origin Of Zen In India
To-day Zen as a living faith can be found in its pure form on...

Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung Yo-yu
According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less re...

The Law Of Balance In Life
It is also the case with human affairs. Social positions hig...

The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...

The Parable Of The Robber Kih
Chwang Tsz (So-shi) remarks in a humorous way to the followin...




Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius








Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, seem to
have taken so keen an interest in the study of human nature that they
proposed all the possible opinions respecting the subject in
question-namely, (1) man is good-natured; (2) man is bad-natured; (3)
man is good-natured and bad-natured as well; (4) man is neither
good-natured nor bad-natured. The first of these opinions was
proposed by a most reputed Confucianist scholar, Mencius, and his
followers, and is still adhered to by the majority of the Japanese
and the Chinese Confucianists. Mencius thought it as natural for man
to do good as it is for the grass to be green. 'Suppose a person has
happened,' he would say, 'to find a child on the point of tumbling
down into a deep well. He would rescue it even at the risk of his
life, no matter how morally degenerated he might be. He would have
no time to consider that his act might bring him some reward from its
parents, or a good reputation among his friends and fellow-citizens.
He would do it barely out of his inborn good-nature.' After
enumerating some instances similar to this one, Mencius concludes
that goodness is the fundamental nature of man, even if he is often
carried away by his brutal disposition.


Mencius (372-282 B.C.) is regarded as the best expounder of
the doctrine of Confucius. There exists a well-known work of his,
entitled after his own name. See 'A History of Chinese Philosophy,'
by R. Endo, and also 'A History of Chinese Philosophy' (pp. 38-50),
by G. Nakauchi.






Next: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz Jun-shi

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