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Buddhism

Bodhidharma And The Emperor Wu
No sooner had Bodhidharma landed at Kwang Cheu in Southern Ch...

Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...

Let Go Of Your Idle Thoughts
A famous Zenist, Mu-go-koku-shi, is said to have replied ...

Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
In the foregoing chapters we have had several occasions to re...

Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Religion And Morality
Similarly, it is the case with religion and morality. If we ...

Scripture Is No More Than Waste Paper
Zen is not based on any particular sutra, either of Mahaya...

Where Does The Root Of The Illusion Lie?
Now let us examine where illusion lies hidden from the view o...

Nature Is The Mother Of All Things
Furthermore, man has come into existence out of Nature. He i...

The Creative Force Of Nature And Humanity
The innate tendency of self-preservation, which manifests its...

Poetical Intuition And Zen
Since Universal Life or Spirit permeates the universe, the po...

Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...

Origin Of Zen In India
To-day Zen as a living faith can be found in its pure form on...

The Resemblance Of The Zen Monk To The Samurai
Let us point out in brief the similarities between Zen and Ja...

No Need Of The Scriptural Authority For Zen
Some Occidental scholars erroneously identify Buddhism with t...

Personalism Of B P Bowne
B. P. Bowne says: They (phenomena) are not phantoms or illus...

All The Worlds In Ten Directions Are Buddha's Holy Land
We are to resume this problem in the following chapter. Suff...

Zen Is Not Nihilistic
Zen judged from ancient Zen masters' aphorisms may seem, at t...

The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung Tai-so
The Third Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin), who ...

Life And Change
A peculiar phase of life is change which appears in the form ...

The Second And The Third Patriarchs
After the death of the First Patriarch, in A.D. 528, Hwui Ko ...




The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung Tai-so








The Third Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin), who
being initiated at the age of fourteen, was created the Fourth
Patriarch after nine years' study and discipline. Tao Sin is said
never to have gone to bed for more than forty years of his
patriarchal career. In A.D. 643 the Emperor Tai Tsung
(627-649), knowing of his virtues, sent him a special messenger,
requesting him to call on His Majesty at the palace. But he declined
the invitation by a memorial, saying that be was too aged and infirm
to visit the august personage. The Emperor, desirous of seeing the
reputed patriarch, sent for him thrice, but in vain. Then the
enraged monarch ordered the messenger to behead the inflexible monk,
and bring the head before the throne, in case he should disobey the
order for the fourth time. As Tao Sin was told of the order of the
Emperor, he stretched out his neck ready to be decapitated. The
Emperor, learning from the messenger what had happened, admired all
the more the imperturbable patriarch, and bestowed rich gifts upon
him. This example of his was followed by later Zen masters, who
would not condescend to bend their knees before temporal power, and
it became one of the characteristics of Zen monks that they would
never approach rulers and statesmen for the sake of worldly fame and
profit, which they set at naught.


He died in A.D. 606, after his labour of thirteen years as
the teacher.

He died in A.D. 651-that is, forty-five years after the
death of the Third Patriarch.






Next: The Fifth And The Sixth Patriarchs

Previous: The Second And The Third Patriarchs



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