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Buddhism

The Great Person And Small Person
For these reasons Zen proposes to call man Buddha-natured or ...

The Second And The Third Patriarchs
After the death of the First Patriarch, in A.D. 528, Hwui Ko ...

An Illusion Concerning Appearance And Reality
To get Enlightened we must next dispel an illusion respecting...

The World Is In The Making
Our assertion is far from assuming that life is now complete,...

Life In The Concrete
Life in the concrete, which we are living, greatly differs fr...

The Breathing Exercise Of The Yogi
Breathing exercise is one of the practices of Yoga, and somew...

Universal Life Is Universal Spirit
These considerations naturally lead us to see that Universal ...

The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...

Zen After The Restoration
After the Restoration of the Mei-ji (1867) the popularity of ...

Zen And Nirvana
The beatitude of Zen is Nirvana, not in the Hinayanistic sens...

The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...

The Beatitude Of Zen
We are far from denying, as already shown in the foregoing ch...

Scripture Is No More Than Waste Paper
Zen is not based on any particular sutra, either of Mahaya...

Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz Jun-shi
The weaknesses of Mencius's theory are fully exposed by anoth...

The Theory Of Buddha-nature Adequately Explains The Ethical States Of Man
This theory of Buddha-nature enables us to get an insight int...

Poetical Intuition And Zen
Since Universal Life or Spirit permeates the universe, the po...

Retribution In The Past The Present And The Future Life
Then a question suggests itself: If there be no soul that sur...

The Errors Of Philosophical Pessimists And Religious Optimists
Philosophical pessimists maintain that there are on earth ma...

Hinayanism And Its Doctrine
The doctrine of Transience was the first entrance gate of Hin...

Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shi
(So-shoku). The difficulty may be avoided by a theory given ...




The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung Tai-so








The Third Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin), who
being initiated at the age of fourteen, was created the Fourth
Patriarch after nine years' study and discipline. Tao Sin is said
never to have gone to bed for more than forty years of his
patriarchal career. In A.D. 643 the Emperor Tai Tsung
(627-649), knowing of his virtues, sent him a special messenger,
requesting him to call on His Majesty at the palace. But he declined
the invitation by a memorial, saying that be was too aged and infirm
to visit the august personage. The Emperor, desirous of seeing the
reputed patriarch, sent for him thrice, but in vain. Then the
enraged monarch ordered the messenger to behead the inflexible monk,
and bring the head before the throne, in case he should disobey the
order for the fourth time. As Tao Sin was told of the order of the
Emperor, he stretched out his neck ready to be decapitated. The
Emperor, learning from the messenger what had happened, admired all
the more the imperturbable patriarch, and bestowed rich gifts upon
him. This example of his was followed by later Zen masters, who
would not condescend to bend their knees before temporal power, and
it became one of the characteristics of Zen monks that they would
never approach rulers and statesmen for the sake of worldly fame and
profit, which they set at naught.


He died in A.D. 606, after his labour of thirteen years as
the teacher.

He died in A.D. 651-that is, forty-five years after the
death of the Third Patriarch.






Next: The Fifth And The Sixth Patriarchs

Previous: The Second And The Third Patriarchs



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