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The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...

Epicureanism And Life
There are a good many people always buoyant in spirit and mir...

Let Go Of Your Idle Thoughts
A famous Zenist, Mu-go-koku-shi, is said to have replied ...

The Usual Explanation Of The Canon
An eminent Chinese Buddhist scholar, well known as Ten Dai Da...

Change As Seen By Zen
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The Third Step In The Mental Training
To be the lord of mind is more essential to Enlightenment, wh...

The Next Step In The Mental Training
In the next place we have to strive to be the master of our b...

Zazen Or The Sitting In Meditation
Habit comes out of practice, and forms character by degrees, ...

Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Objective Reality
But extreme Idealism identifies 'to be' with 'to be known,' a...

Enlightened Consciousness Is Not An Intellectual Insight
Enlightened Consciousness is not a bare intellectual insight,...

Zen After The Downfall Of The Ho-jo Regency
Towards the end of the Ho-Jo period, and after the downfall o...

Our Conception Of Buddha Is Not Final
Has, then, the divine nature of Universal Spirit been complet...

The Characteristics Of Do-gen The Founder Of The Japanese So To Sect
In the meantime seekers after a new truth gradually began to ...

The Examination Of The Notion Of Self
The belief in immortality is based on the strong instinct of ...

Pessimistic View Of The Ancient Hindus
In addition to this, the new theory of matter has entirely ov...

The Fifth And The Sixth Patriarchs
Tao Sin transmitted the Law to Hung Jan (Ko-nin), who being e...

Scripture Is No More Than Waste Paper
Zen is not based on any particular sutra, either of Mahaya...

There Is No Mortal Who Is Purely Moral
By nature man should be either good or bad; or he should be g...

The Sermon Of The Inanimate
The Scripture of Zen is written with facts simple and familia...

The Breathing Exercise Of The Yogi
Breathing exercise is one of the practices of Yoga, and somew...




The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung Tai-so








The Third Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin), who
being initiated at the age of fourteen, was created the Fourth
Patriarch after nine years' study and discipline. Tao Sin is said
never to have gone to bed for more than forty years of his
patriarchal career. In A.D. 643 the Emperor Tai Tsung
(627-649), knowing of his virtues, sent him a special messenger,
requesting him to call on His Majesty at the palace. But he declined
the invitation by a memorial, saying that be was too aged and infirm
to visit the august personage. The Emperor, desirous of seeing the
reputed patriarch, sent for him thrice, but in vain. Then the
enraged monarch ordered the messenger to behead the inflexible monk,
and bring the head before the throne, in case he should disobey the
order for the fourth time. As Tao Sin was told of the order of the
Emperor, he stretched out his neck ready to be decapitated. The
Emperor, learning from the messenger what had happened, admired all
the more the imperturbable patriarch, and bestowed rich gifts upon
him. This example of his was followed by later Zen masters, who
would not condescend to bend their knees before temporal power, and
it became one of the characteristics of Zen monks that they would
never approach rulers and statesmen for the sake of worldly fame and
profit, which they set at naught.


He died in A.D. 606, after his labour of thirteen years as
the teacher.

He died in A.D. 651-that is, forty-five years after the
death of the Third Patriarch.






Next: The Fifth And The Sixth Patriarchs

Previous: The Second And The Third Patriarchs



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