Buddhism Enlightened Consciousness
In addition to these considerations, which mainly depend on i...
Bodhidharma's Disciples And The Transmission Of The Law
For details, see Chwen Tang Luh and Den Ka Roku, by Kei Z...
Zen Is Not Nihilistic
Zen judged from ancient Zen masters' aphorisms may seem, at t...
Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung Yo-yu
According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less re...
The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...
Calmness Of Mind
The Yogi breathing above mentioned is fit rather for physical...
Difficulties Are No Match For The Optimist
How can we suppose that we, the children of Buddha, are put a...
How To Worship Buddha
The author of Vimalakirtti-nirdeca-sutra well explains our at...
The Parable Of The Robber Kih
Chwang Tsz (So-shi) remarks in a humorous way to the followin...
Scripture Is No More Than Waste Paper
Zen is not based on any particular sutra, either of
Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...
Buddha Dwelling In The Individual Mind
Enlightened Consciousness in the individual mind acquires for...
The Bad Are The Good In The Egg
This is not only the case with a robber or a murderer, but al...
The Law Of Balance
Nature governs the world with her law of balance. She puts t...
The Mystery Of Life
Thus far we have pointed out the inevitable conflictions in l...
The Beatitude Of Zen
We are far from denying, as already shown in the foregoing ch...
The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...
Nature Favours Nothing In Particular
There is another point of view of life, which gave the presen...
Nature Is The Mother Of All Things
Furthermore, man has come into existence out of Nature. He i...
Flight Of The Sixth Patriarch
On the following morning the news of what had happened during...
The Ten Pictures Of The Cowherd
The pictures were drawn by Kwoh Ngan (Kaku-an), a Chinese
Zenist. For the details, see Zen-gaku-ho-ten.
Besides these Five Ranks of Merit, Zenists make use of the Ten
Pictures of the Cowherd, in order to show the different stages of
mental training through which the student of Zen has to go. Some
poems were written by Chinese and Japanese teachers on each of these
pictures by way of explanation, but they are too ambiguous to be
translated into English, and we rest content with the translation of
a single Japanese poem on each of the ten pictures, which are as
The first picture, called 'the Searching of the Cow,' represents the
cowherd wandering in the wilderness with a vague hope of finding his
lost cow that is running wild out of his sight. The reader will
notice that the cow is likened to the mind of the student and the
cowherd to the student himself.
"I do not see my cow,
But trees and grass,
And hear the empty cries
The second picture, called 'the Finding of the Cow's Tracks,'
represents the cowherd tracing the cow with the sure hope of
restoring her, having found her tracks on the ground.
"The grove is deep, and so
Is my desire.
How glad I am, O lo!
I see her tracks."
The third picture, called 'the Finding out of the Cow,' represents
the cowherd slowly approaching the cow from a distance.
"Her loud and wild mooing
Has led me here;
I see her form afar,
Like a dark shadow."
The fourth 'picture, called 'the Catching of the Cow,' represents the
cowherd catching hold of the cow, who struggles to break loose from
"Alas! it's hard to keep
The cow I caught.
She tries to run and leap
And snap the cord."
The fifth picture, called 'the Taming of the Cow,' represents the
cowherd pacifying the cow, giving her grass and water.
"I'm glad the cow so wild
Is tamed and mild.
She follows me, as if
She were my shadow."
The sixth picture, called 'the Going Home Riding on the Cow,'
represents the cowherd playing on a flute, riding on the cow.
"Slowly the clouds return
To their own hill,
Floating along the skies
So calm and still.
The seventh picture, called 'the Forgetting of the Cow and the
Remembering of the Man,' represents the cowherd looking at the
beautiful scenery surrounding his cottage.
"The cow goes out by day
And comes by night.
I care for her in no way,
But all is right."
The eighth picture, called 'the Forgetting of the Cow and of the
Man,' represents a large empty circle.
"There's no cowherd nor cow
Within the pen;
No moon of truth nor clouds
Of doubt in men."
The ninth picture, called 'the Returning to the Root and Source,'
represents a beautiful landscape full of lovely trees in full blossom.
"There is no dyer of hills,
Yet they are green;
So flowers smile, and titter rills
At their own wills."
The tenth picture, called 'the Going into the City with Open Hands,'
represents a smiling monk, gourd in hand, talking with a man who
looks like a pedlar.
"The cares for body make
That body pine;
Let go of cares and thoughts,
O child of mine!"
These Ten Pictures of the Cowherd correspond in meaning to the Five
Ranks of Merit above stated, even if there is a slight difference, as
is shown in the following table:
THE FIVE RANKS.---THE TEN PICTURES.
1. The Rank of Turning---1. The Searching of the Cow.
2. The Finding of the Cow's Tracks.
2. The Rank of Service---3. The Finding of the Cow.
4. The Catching of the Cow.
3. The Rank of Merit---5. The Taming of the Cow.
6. The Going Home, Riding on the Cow.
4. The Rank of Co-operative Merit---9. The Returning to the Root and
10. The Going into the City with
5. The Rank of Merit-over-Merit---7. The Forgetting of the Cow and
the Remembering of the Man.
8. The Forgetting of the Cow and of
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