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Bodhidharma And The Emperor Wu
No sooner had Bodhidharma landed at Kwang Cheu in Southern Ch...

Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Objective Reality
But extreme Idealism identifies 'to be' with 'to be known,' a...

Zen Is Iconoclastic
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There Is No Mortal Who Is Purely Moral
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No Need Of The Scriptural Authority For Zen
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Zen After The Restoration
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Our Conception Of Buddha Is Not Final
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Great Men And Nature
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Change As Seen By Zen
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The Next Step In The Mental Training
In the next place we have to strive to be the master of our b...

The Method Of Instruction Adopted By Zen Masters
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The Creative Force Of Nature And Humanity
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The Mystery Of Life
Thus far we have pointed out the inevitable conflictions in l...

The Absolute And Reality Are But An Abstraction
A grain of sand you, trample upon has a deeper significance t...

The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung (tai-so)
The Third[FN#40] Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin)...

The Law Of Balance
Nature governs the world with her law of balance. She puts t...

The Irrationality Of The Belief Of Immortality
Occidental minds believe in a mysterious entity under the nam...

Do Thy Best And Leave The Rest To Providence
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The Parable Of A Drunkard
Now the question arises, If all human beings are endowed with...

Zen And Idealism
Next Zen makes use of Idealism as explained by the Dharmalaks...

Bodhidharma's Disciples And The Transmission Of The Law[fn#31]

[FN#31] For details, see Chwen Tang Luh and Den Ka Roku, by Kei Zan.
As for the life of Bodhidharma, Dr. B. Matsumoto's 'A Life of
Bodhidharma' may well be recommended to the reader.

Bodhidharma's labour of nine years in China resulted in the
initiation of a number of disciples, whom some time before his death
he addressed as follows: Now the time (of my departure from this
world) is at hand. Say, one and all, how do you understand the Law?
Tao Fu (Do-fuku) said in response to this: The Law does not lie in
the letters (of the Scriptures), according to my view, nor is it
separated from them, but it works. The Master said: Then you have
obtained my skin. Next Tsung Chi (So-ji), a nun, replied: As
Ananda[FN#32] saw the kingdom of Aksobhya[FN#33] only once but not
twice, so I understand the Law. The master said: Then you have
attained to my flesh. Then Tao Yuh (Do-iku) replied: The four
elements[FN#34] are unreal from the first, nor are the five
aggregates[FN#35] really existent. All is emptiness according to my
view. The master said: Then you have acquired my bone. Lastly,
Hwui Ko (E-ka), which was the Buddhist name given by Bodhidharma, to
Shang Kwang, made a polite bow to the teacher and stood in his place
without a word. You have attained to my marrow. So saying,
Bodhidharma handed over the sacred Kachaya, [FN#36] which he had
brought from India to Hwui Ko, as a symbol of the transmission of the
Law, and created him the Second Patriarch.

[FN#32] A favourite disciple of Shakya Muni, and the Third Patriarch
of Zen.

[FN#33] The: name means I Immovable,' and represents the firmness of

[FN#34] Earth, water, fire, and air.

[FN#35] (1) Rupa, or form; (2) Vedana, or perception; (3) Samjnya,
or consciousness; (4) Karman (or Samskara), or action; (5) Vijnyana,
or knowledge.

[FN#36] The clerical cloak, which is said to have been dark green.
It became an object of great veneration after the Sixth Patriarch,
who abolished the patriarchal system and did not hand the symbol over
to successors.

Next: The Second And The Third Patriarchs

Previous: Bodhidharma And His Successor The Second Patriarch

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