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Zazen And The Forgetting Of Self
Zazen is a most effectual means of destroying selfishness, th...

Epicureanism And Life
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Calmness Of Mind
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Zen And Supernatural Power
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Shakya Muni And The Prodigal Son
A great trouble with us is that we do not believe in half the...

Buddha-nature Is The Common Source Of Morals
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Bodhidharma And His Successor The Second Patriarch
China was not, however, an uncultivated[FN#29] land for the s...

The Fifth And The Sixth Patriarchs
Tao Sin transmitted the Law to Hung Jan (Ko-nin), who being e...

Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shih
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Poetical Intuition And Zen
Since Universal Life or Spirit permeates the universe, the po...

The Beatitude Of Zen
We are far from denying, as already shown in the foregoing ch...

Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...

True Dhyana
To sit in Meditation is not the only method of practising Zaz...

The Spiritual Attainment Of The Sixth Patriarch
Some time before his death (in 675 A.D.) the Fifth Patriarch ...

The Usual Explanation Of The Canon
An eminent Chinese Buddhist scholar, well known as Ten Dai Da...

The Ten Pictures Of The Cowherd
[FN#275] The pictures were drawn by Kwoh Ngan (Kaku-an), a...

An Illusion Concerning Appearance And Reality
To get Enlightened we must next dispel an illusion respecting...

Zen After The Restoration
After the Restoration of the Mei-ji (1867) the popularity of ...

All The Worlds In Ten Directions Are Buddha's Holy Land
We are to resume this problem in the following chapter. Suff...

The Great Person And Small Person
For these reasons Zen proposes to call man Buddha-natured or ...




Bodhidharma's Disciples And The Transmission Of The Law[fn#31]








[FN#31] For details, see Chwen Tang Luh and Den Ka Roku, by Kei Zan.
As for the life of Bodhidharma, Dr. B. Matsumoto's 'A Life of
Bodhidharma' may well be recommended to the reader.


Bodhidharma's labour of nine years in China resulted in the
initiation of a number of disciples, whom some time before his death
he addressed as follows: Now the time (of my departure from this
world) is at hand. Say, one and all, how do you understand the Law?
Tao Fu (Do-fuku) said in response to this: The Law does not lie in
the letters (of the Scriptures), according to my view, nor is it
separated from them, but it works. The Master said: Then you have
obtained my skin. Next Tsung Chi (So-ji), a nun, replied: As
Ananda[FN#32] saw the kingdom of Aksobhya[FN#33] only once but not
twice, so I understand the Law. The master said: Then you have
attained to my flesh. Then Tao Yuh (Do-iku) replied: The four
elements[FN#34] are unreal from the first, nor are the five
aggregates[FN#35] really existent. All is emptiness according to my
view. The master said: Then you have acquired my bone. Lastly,
Hwui Ko (E-ka), which was the Buddhist name given by Bodhidharma, to
Shang Kwang, made a polite bow to the teacher and stood in his place
without a word. You have attained to my marrow. So saying,
Bodhidharma handed over the sacred Kachaya, [FN#36] which he had
brought from India to Hwui Ko, as a symbol of the transmission of the
Law, and created him the Second Patriarch.


[FN#32] A favourite disciple of Shakya Muni, and the Third Patriarch
of Zen.

[FN#33] The: name means I Immovable,' and represents the firmness of
thought.

[FN#34] Earth, water, fire, and air.

[FN#35] (1) Rupa, or form; (2) Vedana, or perception; (3) Samjnya,
or consciousness; (4) Karman (or Samskara), or action; (5) Vijnyana,
or knowledge.

[FN#36] The clerical cloak, which is said to have been dark green.
It became an object of great veneration after the Sixth Patriarch,
who abolished the patriarchal system and did not hand the symbol over
to successors.






Next: The Second And The Third Patriarchs

Previous: Bodhidharma And His Successor The Second Patriarch



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