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The Awakening Of The Innermost Wisdom
Having set ourselves free from the misconception of Self, nex...

Life In The Concrete
Life in the concrete, which we are living, greatly differs fr...

The Beatitude Of Zen
We are far from denying, as already shown in the foregoing ch...

The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...

Enlightened Consciousness Is Not An Intellectual Insight
Enlightened Consciousness is not a bare intellectual insight,...

The Five Ranks Of Merit
Thus far we have stated how to train our body and mind accord...

Our Conception Of Buddha Is Not Final
Has, then, the divine nature of Universal Spirit been complet...

No Need Of The Scriptural Authority For Zen
Some Occidental scholars erroneously identify Buddhism with t...

The Honest Poverty Of The Zen Monk And The Samurai
Secondly, the so-called honest poverty is a characteristic of...

Retribution In The Past The Present And The Future Life
Then a question suggests itself: If there be no soul that su...

The Betterment Of Life
Again, people nowadays seem to feel keenly the wound of the ...

Idealism Is A Potent Medicine For Self-created Mental Disease
In so far as Buddhist idealism refers to the world of sense, ...

The Bad Are The Good In The Egg
This is not only the case with a robber or a murderer, but al...

Life And Change
A peculiar phase of life is change which appears in the form ...

How To Worship Buddha
The author of Vimalakirtti-nirdeca-sutra well explains our at...

Buddha Is Unnamable
Give a definite name to Deity, He would be no more than what ...

Where Then Does The Error Lie?
Where, then, does the error lie in the four possible proposit...

The Law Of Balance
Nature governs the world with her law of balance. She puts t...

Nature Favours Nothing In Particular
There is another point of view of life, which gave the presen...

Nature And Her Lesson
Nature offers us nectar and ambrosia every day, and everywher...

Bodhidharma's Disciples And The Transmission Of The Law[fn#31]

[FN#31] For details, see Chwen Tang Luh and Den Ka Roku, by Kei Zan.
As for the life of Bodhidharma, Dr. B. Matsumoto's 'A Life of
Bodhidharma' may well be recommended to the reader.

Bodhidharma's labour of nine years in China resulted in the
initiation of a number of disciples, whom some time before his death
he addressed as follows: Now the time (of my departure from this
world) is at hand. Say, one and all, how do you understand the Law?
Tao Fu (Do-fuku) said in response to this: The Law does not lie in
the letters (of the Scriptures), according to my view, nor is it
separated from them, but it works. The Master said: Then you have
obtained my skin. Next Tsung Chi (So-ji), a nun, replied: As
Ananda[FN#32] saw the kingdom of Aksobhya[FN#33] only once but not
twice, so I understand the Law. The master said: Then you have
attained to my flesh. Then Tao Yuh (Do-iku) replied: The four
elements[FN#34] are unreal from the first, nor are the five
aggregates[FN#35] really existent. All is emptiness according to my
view. The master said: Then you have acquired my bone. Lastly,
Hwui Ko (E-ka), which was the Buddhist name given by Bodhidharma, to
Shang Kwang, made a polite bow to the teacher and stood in his place
without a word. You have attained to my marrow. So saying,
Bodhidharma handed over the sacred Kachaya, [FN#36] which he had
brought from India to Hwui Ko, as a symbol of the transmission of the
Law, and created him the Second Patriarch.

[FN#32] A favourite disciple of Shakya Muni, and the Third Patriarch
of Zen.

[FN#33] The: name means I Immovable,' and represents the firmness of

[FN#34] Earth, water, fire, and air.

[FN#35] (1) Rupa, or form; (2) Vedana, or perception; (3) Samjnya,
or consciousness; (4) Karman (or Samskara), or action; (5) Vijnyana,
or knowledge.

[FN#36] The clerical cloak, which is said to have been dark green.
It became an object of great veneration after the Sixth Patriarch,
who abolished the patriarchal system and did not hand the symbol over
to successors.

Next: The Second And The Third Patriarchs

Previous: Bodhidharma And His Successor The Second Patriarch

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