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Buddhism

Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...

Nature Is The Mother Of All Things
Furthermore, man has come into existence out of Nature. He i...

The Absolute And Reality Are But An Abstraction
A grain of sand you, trample upon has a deeper significance t...

Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz Jun-shi
The weaknesses of Mencius's theory are fully exposed by anoth...

The Awakening Of The Innermost Wisdom
Having set ourselves free from the misconception of Self, nex...

The Irrationality Of The Belief Of Immortality
Occidental minds believe in a mysterious entity under the nam...

The Buddha Of Mercy
Milton says: "Virtue may be assailed, but never hurt; Sur...

Hinayanism And Its Doctrine
The doctrine of Transience was the first entrance gate of Hin...

Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...

The Social State Of Japan When Zen Was Established By Ei-sai And Do-gen
Now we have to observe the condition of the country when Zen ...

The Second And The Third Patriarchs
After the death of the First Patriarch, in A.D. 528, Hwui Ko ...

The Bad Are The Good In The Egg
This is not only the case with a robber or a murderer, but al...

Decline Of Zen
The blooming prosperity of Zen was over towards the end of th...

Nature And Her Lesson
Nature offers us nectar and ambrosia every day, and everywher...

The Introduction Of The So-to School Of Zen
This school was started by Tsing-Yuen (Sei-gen), an emine...

The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung Tai-so
The Third Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin), who ...

Do Thy Best And Leave The Rest To Providence
There is another point of view which enables us to enjoy life...

The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...

Zazen Or The Sitting In Meditation
Habit comes out of practice, and forms character by degrees, ...

The Sermon Of The Inanimate
The Scripture of Zen is written with facts simple and familia...




The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen








After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Siu,
though not the legitimate successor of his master, was not inactive
in the propagation of the faith, and gathered about him a number of
enthusiastic admirers. This led to the foundation of the Northern
school of Zen in opposition to the Southern school led by the Sixth
Patriarch. The Empress Tseh Tien Wa Heu, the real ruler of
China at that time, was an admirer of Shang Siu, and patronized his
school, which nevertheless made no further development.


The Emperor Chung Tsung (Chu-so, A.D. 684-704) was a nominal
sovereign, and the Empress was the real ruler from A.D. 684 to 705.


In the meanwhile the Sixth Patriarch, who had gone to the South,
arrived at the Fah Sing Monastery in Kwang Cheu, where Yin Tsung
(In-shu), the abbot, was giving lectures on the Mahayana sutras to a
number of student monks. It was towards evening that he happened to
overhear two monks of the Monastery discussing about the flag
floating in air. One of them said: "It is the wind that moves in
reality, but not the flag." "No," objected the other, "it is the
flag that moves in reality, but not the wind." Thus each of them
insisted on his own one-sided view, and came to no proper conclusion.
Then the Sixth Patriarch introduced himself and said to them: "It is
neither the wind nor the flag, but your mind that moves in reality."
Yin Tsung, having heard these words of the stranger, was greatly
astonished, and thought the latter should have been an extraordinary
personage. And when he found the man to be the Sixth Patriarch of
Zen, he and all his disciples decided to follow Zen under the master.
Consequently Hwui Nang, still clad like a layman, changed his
clothes, and began his patriarchal career at that Monastery. This is
the starting-point of the great development of Zen in China.






Next: Missionary Activity Of The Sixth Patriarch

Previous: Flight Of The Sixth Patriarch



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