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Zen In The Dark Age
The latter half of the Ashikaga period was the age of arms an...

Nature Favours Nothing In Particular
There is another point of view of life, which gave the presen...

The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...

The Five Ranks Of Merit
Thus far we have stated how to train our body and mind accord...

Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
In the foregoing chapters we have had several occasions to re...

Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung Yo-yu
According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less re...

The Betterment Of Life
Again, people nowadays seem to feel keenly the wound of the ...

Universal Life Is Universal Spirit
These considerations naturally lead us to see that Universal ...

Nature Is The Mother Of All Things
Furthermore, man has come into existence out of Nature. He i...

Difficulties Are No Match For The Optimist
How can we suppose that we, the children of Buddha, are put a...

The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...

The Irrationality Of The Belief Of Immortality
Occidental minds believe in a mysterious entity under the nam...

Scripture Is No More Than Waste Paper
Zen is not based on any particular sutra, either of Mahaya...

Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Religion And Morality
Similarly, it is the case with religion and morality. If we ...

Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...

An Illusion Concerning Appearance And Reality
To get Enlightened we must next dispel an illusion respecting...

The Second And The Third Patriarchs
After the death of the First Patriarch, in A.D. 528, Hwui Ko ...

Buddha-nature Is The Common Source Of Morals
Furthermore, Buddha-nature or real self, being the seat of lo...

The Parable Of A Drunkard
Now the question arises, If all human beings are endowed with...

The Honest Poverty Of The Zen Monk And The Samurai
Secondly, the so-called honest poverty is a characteristic of...




The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen








After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Siu,
though not the legitimate successor of his master, was not inactive
in the propagation of the faith, and gathered about him a number of
enthusiastic admirers. This led to the foundation of the Northern
school of Zen in opposition to the Southern school led by the Sixth
Patriarch. The Empress Tseh Tien Wa Heu, the real ruler of
China at that time, was an admirer of Shang Siu, and patronized his
school, which nevertheless made no further development.


The Emperor Chung Tsung (Chu-so, A.D. 684-704) was a nominal
sovereign, and the Empress was the real ruler from A.D. 684 to 705.


In the meanwhile the Sixth Patriarch, who had gone to the South,
arrived at the Fah Sing Monastery in Kwang Cheu, where Yin Tsung
(In-shu), the abbot, was giving lectures on the Mahayana sutras to a
number of student monks. It was towards evening that he happened to
overhear two monks of the Monastery discussing about the flag
floating in air. One of them said: "It is the wind that moves in
reality, but not the flag." "No," objected the other, "it is the
flag that moves in reality, but not the wind." Thus each of them
insisted on his own one-sided view, and came to no proper conclusion.
Then the Sixth Patriarch introduced himself and said to them: "It is
neither the wind nor the flag, but your mind that moves in reality."
Yin Tsung, having heard these words of the stranger, was greatly
astonished, and thought the latter should have been an extraordinary
personage. And when he found the man to be the Sixth Patriarch of
Zen, he and all his disciples decided to follow Zen under the master.
Consequently Hwui Nang, still clad like a layman, changed his
clothes, and began his patriarchal career at that Monastery. This is
the starting-point of the great development of Zen in China.






Next: Missionary Activity Of The Sixth Patriarch

Previous: Flight Of The Sixth Patriarch



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