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The Establishment Of The Rin Zai School Of Zen In Japan
[FN#67] The Lin Tsi school was started by Nan Yoh, a pr...

Decline Of Zen
The blooming prosperity of Zen was over towards the end of th...

The Parable Of The Monk And The Stupid Woman
The confused or unenlightened may be compared with a monk and...

The Next Step In The Mental Training
In the next place we have to strive to be the master of our b...

Idealism Is A Potent Medicine For Self-created Mental Disease
In so far as Buddhist idealism refers to the world of sense, ...

Retribution In The Past The Present And The Future Life
Then a question suggests itself: If there be no soul that su...

All The Worlds In Ten Directions Are Buddha's Holy Land
We are to resume this problem in the following chapter. Suff...

Missionary Activity Of The Sixth Patriarch
As we have seen above, the Sixth Patriarch was a great genius...

Nature Favours Nothing In Particular
There is another point of view of life, which gave the presen...

The Eternal Life As Taught By Professor Munsterberg
Some philosophical pessimists undervalue life simply because ...

Zen And Idealism
Next Zen makes use of Idealism as explained by the Dharmalaks...

Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...

The Awakening Of The Innermost Wisdom
Having set ourselves free from the misconception of Self, nex...

The First Step In The Mental Training
Some of the old Zen masters are said to have attained to supr...

Zen After The Restoration
After the Restoration of the Mei-ji (1867) the popularity of ...

The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...

Wang Yang Ming (o-yo-mei) And A Thief
One evening when Wang was giving a lecture to a number of stu...

Man Is Neither Good-natured Nor Bad-natured According To Su Shih
The difficulty may be avoided by a theory given by Su Shih ...

Nature And Her Lesson
Nature offers us nectar and ambrosia every day, and everywher...

Hinayanism And Its Doctrine
The doctrine of Transience was the first entrance gate of Hin...




Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius








Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, seem to

have taken so keen an interest in the study of human nature that they

proposed all the possible opinions respecting the subject in

question-namely, (1) man is good-natured; (2) man is bad-natured; (3)

man is good-natured and bad-natured as well; (4) man is neither

good-natured nor bad-natured. The first of these opinions was

proposed by a most reputed Confucianist scholar, Mencius, and his

followers, and is still adhered to by the majority of the Japanese

and the Chinese Confucianists. Mencius thought it as natural for man

to do good as it is for the grass to be green. 'Suppose a person has

happened,' he would say, 'to find a child on the point of tumbling

down into a deep well. He would rescue it even at the risk of his

life, no matter how morally degenerated he might be. He would have

no time to consider that his act might bring him some reward from its

parents, or a good reputation among his friends and fellow-citizens.

He would do it barely out of his inborn good-nature.' After

enumerating some instances similar to this one, Mencius concludes

that goodness is the fundamental nature of man, even if he is often

carried away by his brutal disposition.





[FN#161] Mencius (372-282 B.C.) is regarded as the beat expounder of

the doctrine of Confucius. There exists a well-known work of his,

entitled after his own name. See 'A History of Chinese Philosophy,'

by R. Endo, and also 'A History of Chinese Philosophy' (pp. 38-50),

by G. Nakauchi.






Next: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz

Previous: How To Worship Buddha



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