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The Method Of Instruction Adopted By Zen Masters
Thus far we have described the doctrine of Zen inculcated by ...

Do Thy Best And Leave The Rest To Providence
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The First Step In The Mental Training
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Epicureanism And Life
There are a good many people always buoyant in spirit and mir...

Nature Is The Mother Of All Things
Furthermore, man has come into existence out of Nature. He i...

The Honest Poverty Of The Zen Monk And The Samurai
Secondly, the so-called honest poverty is a characteristic of...

Life And Change
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There Is No Mortal Who Is Purely Moral
By nature man should be either good or bad; or he should be g...

There Is No Mortal Who Is Non-moral Or Purely Immoral
The same is the case with the third and the fourth class of p...

Bodhidharma And His Successor The Second Patriarch
China was not, however, an uncultivated[FN#29] land for the s...

The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...

Enlightened Consciousness Is Not An Intellectual Insight
Enlightened Consciousness is not a bare intellectual insight,...

The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...

Zen In The Dark Age
The latter half of the Ashikaga period was the age of arms an...

Sutras Used By Zen Masters
Ten Dai failed to explain away the discrepancies and contradi...

The Next Step In The Mental Training
In the next place we have to strive to be the master of our b...

Missionary Activity Of The Sixth Patriarch
As we have seen above, the Sixth Patriarch was a great genius...

Three Important Elements Of Zen
To understand how Zen developed during some four hundred year...

The Betterment Of Life
Again, people nowadays seem to feel keenly the wound of the ...

The Creative Force Of Nature And Humanity
The innate tendency of self-preservation, which manifests its...




Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius








Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, seem to

have taken so keen an interest in the study of human nature that they

proposed all the possible opinions respecting the subject in

question-namely, (1) man is good-natured; (2) man is bad-natured; (3)

man is good-natured and bad-natured as well; (4) man is neither

good-natured nor bad-natured. The first of these opinions was

proposed by a most reputed Confucianist scholar, Mencius, and his

followers, and is still adhered to by the majority of the Japanese

and the Chinese Confucianists. Mencius thought it as natural for man

to do good as it is for the grass to be green. 'Suppose a person has

happened,' he would say, 'to find a child on the point of tumbling

down into a deep well. He would rescue it even at the risk of his

life, no matter how morally degenerated he might be. He would have

no time to consider that his act might bring him some reward from its

parents, or a good reputation among his friends and fellow-citizens.

He would do it barely out of his inborn good-nature.' After

enumerating some instances similar to this one, Mencius concludes

that goodness is the fundamental nature of man, even if he is often

carried away by his brutal disposition.





[FN#161] Mencius (372-282 B.C.) is regarded as the beat expounder of

the doctrine of Confucius. There exists a well-known work of his,

entitled after his own name. See 'A History of Chinese Philosophy,'

by R. Endo, and also 'A History of Chinese Philosophy' (pp. 38-50),

by G. Nakauchi.






Next: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz

Previous: How To Worship Buddha



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