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Decline Of Zen
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No Need Of The Scriptural Authority For Zen
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Zen Under The Toku-gana Shogunate
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Man Is Not Good-natured Nor Bad-natured But Buddha-natured
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Zen And Nirvana
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Zen In The Dark Age
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How To Worship Buddha
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Life Consists In Conflict
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Scripture Is No More Than Waste Paper
[FN#107] Zen is not based on any particular sutra, either of...

Zen Is Not Nihilistic
Zen judged from ancient Zen masters' aphorisms may seem, at t...

The Five Ranks Of Merit
Thus far we have stated how to train our body and mind accord...

The Resemblance Of The Zen Monk To The Samurai
Let us point out in brief the similarities between Zen and Ja...

Zen And Supernatural Power
Yoga[FN#250] claims that various supernatural powers can be a...

There Is No Mortal Who Is Non-moral Or Purely Immoral
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The Law Of Balance
Nature governs the world with her law of balance. She puts t...

A Sutra Equal In Size To The Whole World
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The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...




Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius








Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, seem to

have taken so keen an interest in the study of human nature that they

proposed all the possible opinions respecting the subject in

question-namely, (1) man is good-natured; (2) man is bad-natured; (3)

man is good-natured and bad-natured as well; (4) man is neither

good-natured nor bad-natured. The first of these opinions was

proposed by a most reputed Confucianist scholar, Mencius, and his

followers, and is still adhered to by the majority of the Japanese

and the Chinese Confucianists. Mencius thought it as natural for man

to do good as it is for the grass to be green. 'Suppose a person has

happened,' he would say, 'to find a child on the point of tumbling

down into a deep well. He would rescue it even at the risk of his

life, no matter how morally degenerated he might be. He would have

no time to consider that his act might bring him some reward from its

parents, or a good reputation among his friends and fellow-citizens.

He would do it barely out of his inborn good-nature.' After

enumerating some instances similar to this one, Mencius concludes

that goodness is the fundamental nature of man, even if he is often

carried away by his brutal disposition.





[FN#161] Mencius (372-282 B.C.) is regarded as the beat expounder of

the doctrine of Confucius. There exists a well-known work of his,

entitled after his own name. See 'A History of Chinese Philosophy,'

by R. Endo, and also 'A History of Chinese Philosophy' (pp. 38-50),

by G. Nakauchi.






Next: Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz

Previous: How To Worship Buddha



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