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Three Important Elements Of Zen
To understand how Zen developed during some four hundred year...

There Is No Mortal Who Is Purely Moral
By nature man should be either good or bad; or he should be g...

Scripture Is No More Than Waste Paper
[FN#107] Zen is not based on any particular sutra, either of...

Where Then Does The Error Lie?
Where, then, does the error lie in the four possible proposit...

Life Consists In Conflict
Life consists in conflict. So long as man remains a social a...

The Creative Force Of Nature And Humanity
The innate tendency of self-preservation, which manifests its...

Enlightened Consciousness Is Not An Intellectual Insight
Enlightened Consciousness is not a bare intellectual insight,...

Nature And Her Lesson
Nature offers us nectar and ambrosia every day, and everywher...

Zen And Idealism
Next Zen makes use of Idealism as explained by the Dharmalaks...

Missionary Activity Of The Sixth Patriarch
As we have seen above, the Sixth Patriarch was a great genius...

An Illusion Concerning Appearance And Reality
To get Enlightened we must next dispel an illusion respecting...

Life Change And Hope
The doctrine of Transcience never drives us to the pessimisti...

Decline Of Zen
The blooming prosperity of Zen was over towards the end of th...

The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...

Buddha Dwelling In The Individual Mind
Enlightened Consciousness in the individual mind acquires for...

The World Is In The Making
Our assertion is far from assuming that life is now complete,...

The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...

Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
In the foregoing chapters we have had several occasions to re...

Introduction Of Zen Into China By Bodhidharma
An epoch-making event took place in the Buddhist history of C...

The Parable Of A Drunkard
Now the question arises, If all human beings are endowed with...

The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung (tai-so)

The Third[FN#40] Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin), who
being initiated at the age of fourteen, was created the Fourth
Patriarch after nine years' study and discipline. Tao Sin is said
never to have gone to bed for more than forty years of his
patriarchal career.[FN#41] In A.D. 643 the Emperor Tai Tsung
(627-649), knowing of his virtues, sent him a special messenger,
requesting him to call on His Majesty at the palace. But he declined
the invitation by a memorial, saying that be was too aged and infirm
to visit the august personage. The Emperor, desirous of seeing the
reputed patriarch, sent for him thrice, but in vain. Then the
enraged monarch ordered the messenger to behead the inflexible monk,
and bring the head before the throne, in case he should disobey the
order for the fourth time. As Tao Sin was told of the order of the
Emperor, he stretched out his neck ready to be decapitated. The
Emperor, learning from the messenger what had happened, admired all
the more the imperturbable patriarch, and bestowed rich gifts upon
him. This example of his was followed by later Zen masters, who
would not condescend to bend their knees before temporal power, and
it became one of the characteristics of Zen monks that they would
never approach rulers and statesmen for the sake of worldly fame and
profit, which they set at naught.

[FN#40] He died in A.D. 606, after his labour of thirteen years as
the teacher.

[FN#41] He died in A.D. 651-that is, forty-five years after the
death of the Third Patriarch.

Next: The Fifth And The Sixth Patriarchs

Previous: The Second And The Third Patriarchs

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