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Samurai

The Great Person And Small Person
For these reasons Zen proposes to call man Buddha-natured or ...

The Resemblance Of The Zen Monk To The Samurai
Let us point out in brief the similarities between Zen and Ja...

The Characteristics Of Do-gen The Founder Of The Japanese So To Sect
In the meantime seekers after a new truth gradually began to ...

The Examination Of The Notion Of Self
The belief in immortality is based on the strong instinct of ...

Poetical Intuition And Zen
Since Universal Life or Spirit permeates the universe, the po...

The Spiritual Attainment Of The Sixth Patriarch
Some time before his death (in 675 A.D.) the Fifth Patriarch ...

Where Does The Root Of The Illusion Lie?
Now let us examine where illusion lies hidden from the view o...

Man Is Good-natured According To Mencius
Oriental scholars, especially the Chinese men of letters, se...

Epicureanism And Life
There are a good many people always buoyant in spirit and mir...

Bodhidharma And The Emperor Wu
No sooner had Bodhidharma landed at Kwang Cheu in Southern Ch...

Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...

The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...

There Is No Mortal Who Is Purely Moral
By nature man should be either good or bad; or he should be g...

The Buddha Of Mercy
Milton says: Virtue may be assailed, but never hurt; Surp...

The Eternal Life As Taught By Professor Munsterberg
Some philosophical pessimists undervalue life simply because ...

A Sutra Equal In Size To The Whole World
The holy writ that Zen masters admire is not one of parchment...

The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...

Zen And Nirvana
The beatitude of Zen is Nirvana, not in the Hinayanistic sens...

The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...

Zazen Or The Sitting In Meditation
Habit comes out of practice, and forms character by degrees, ...




The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung (tai-so)








The Third[FN#40] Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin), who
being initiated at the age of fourteen, was created the Fourth
Patriarch after nine years' study and discipline. Tao Sin is said
never to have gone to bed for more than forty years of his
patriarchal career.[FN#41] In A.D. 643 the Emperor Tai Tsung
(627-649), knowing of his virtues, sent him a special messenger,
requesting him to call on His Majesty at the palace. But he declined
the invitation by a memorial, saying that be was too aged and infirm
to visit the august personage. The Emperor, desirous of seeing the
reputed patriarch, sent for him thrice, but in vain. Then the
enraged monarch ordered the messenger to behead the inflexible monk,
and bring the head before the throne, in case he should disobey the
order for the fourth time. As Tao Sin was told of the order of the
Emperor, he stretched out his neck ready to be decapitated. The
Emperor, learning from the messenger what had happened, admired all
the more the imperturbable patriarch, and bestowed rich gifts upon
him. This example of his was followed by later Zen masters, who
would not condescend to bend their knees before temporal power, and
it became one of the characteristics of Zen monks that they would
never approach rulers and statesmen for the sake of worldly fame and
profit, which they set at naught.


[FN#40] He died in A.D. 606, after his labour of thirteen years as
the teacher.

[FN#41] He died in A.D. 651-that is, forty-five years after the
death of the Third Patriarch.






Next: The Fifth And The Sixth Patriarchs

Previous: The Second And The Third Patriarchs



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