Samurai Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...
The Social State Of Japan When Zen Was Established By Ei-sai And Do-gen
Now we have to observe the condition of the country when Zen ...
The Awakening Of The Innermost Wisdom
Having set ourselves free from the misconception of Self, nex...
The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...
Enlightened Consciousness Is Not An Intellectual Insight
Enlightened Consciousness is not a bare intellectual insight,...
The Next Step In The Mental Training
In the next place we have to strive to be the master of our b...
The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung (tai-so)
The Third[FN#40] Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin)...
To sit in Meditation is not the only method of practising Zaz...
Bodhidharma And The Emperor Wu
No sooner had Bodhidharma landed at Kwang Cheu in Southern Ch...
Retribution In The Past The Present And The Future Life
Then a question suggests itself: If there be no soul that su...
Decline Of Zen
The blooming prosperity of Zen was over towards the end of th...
The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...
Difficulties Are No Match For The Optimist
How can we suppose that we, the children of Buddha, are put a...
The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...
Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung
According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less re...
Idealistic Scepticism Concerning Objective Reality
But extreme Idealism identifies 'to be' with 'to be known,' a...
Nature Favours Nothing In Particular
There is another point of view of life, which gave the presen...
The Errors Of Philosophical Pessimists And Religious Optimists
Philosophical pessimists[FN#214] maintain that there are on e...
The Application Of The Law Of Causation To Morals
Although it may be needless to state here the law of causatio...
Zen Is Iconoclastic
For the followers of Bodhidharma, however, this conception of...
The Sermon Of The Inanimate
The Scripture of Zen is written with facts simple and familiar, so
simple and familiar with everyday life that they escape observation
on that very account. The sun rises in the east. The moon sets in
the west. High is the mountain. Deep is the sea. Spring comes with
flowers; summer with the cool breeze; autumn with the bright moon;
winter with the fakes of snow. These things, perhaps too simple and
too familiar for ordinary observers to pay attention to, have had
profound significance for Zen. Li Ngao (Ri-ko) one day asked Yoh
Shan (Yaku-san): What is the way to truth? Yoh Shan, pointing to
the sky and then to the pitcher beside him, said: You see? No,
sir, replied Li Ngao. The cloud is in the sky, said Yoh Shan,
and the water in the pitcher. Huen Sha (Gen-sha) one day went upon
the platform and was ready to deliver a sermon when he heard a
swallow singing. Listen, said he, that small bird preaches the
essential doctrine and proclaims the eternal truth. Then he went
back to his room, giving no sermon.[FN#135]
[FN#135] Den-to-roku and E-gen.
The letters of the alphabet, a, b, c, etc., have no meaning whatever.
They are but artificial signs, but when spelt they can express any
great idea that great thinkers may form. Trees, grass, mountains,
rivers, stars, moons, suns. These are the alphabets with which the
Zen Scripture is written. Even a, b, c, etc., when spelt, can
express any great idea. Why not, then, these trees, grass, etc., the
alphabets of Nature when they compose the Volume of the Universe?
Even the meanest clod of earth proclaims the sacred law.
Hwui Chung[FN#136] (E-chu) is said first to have given an expression
to the Sermon of the Inanimate. Do the inanimate preach the
Doctrine? asked a monk of Hwui Chung on one occasion. Yes, they
preach eloquently and incessantly. There is no pause in their
orations, was the reply. Why, then, do I not hear them? asked the
other again. Even if you do not, there are many others who can hear
them. Who can hear them? All the sages hear and understand
them, said Hwui Chung. Thus the Sermon of the Inanimate had been a
favourite topic of discussion 900 years before Shakespeare who
expressed the similar idea, saying:
And this our life, exempt from public haunt,
Finds tongues in trees, books in the running brooks,
Sermons in stones, and good in everything.
[FN#136] A direct disciple of the Sixth Patriarch.
How wonderful is the Sermon of the Inanimate, says Tung Shan
(To-zan). You cannot hear it through your ears, but you can hear it
through your eyes. You should hear it through your mind's eyes,
through your heart's eyes, through your inmost soul's eyes, not
through your intellect, not through your perception, not through your
knowledge, not through your logic, not through your metaphysics. To
understand it you have to divine, not to define; you have to observe,
not to calculate; you have to sympathize, not to analyze; you have to
see through, not to criticize; you have not to explain, but to feel;
you have not to abstract, but to grasp; you have to see all in each,
but not to know all in all; you have to get directly at the soul of
things, penetrating their hard crust of matter by your rays of the
innermost consciousness. The falling leaves as well as the blooming
flowers reveal to us the holy law of Buddha, says a Japanese Zenist.
Ye who seek for purity and peace, go to Nature. She will give you
more than ye ask. Ye who long for strength and perseverance, go to
Nature. She will train and strengthen you. Ye who aspire after an
ideal, go to Nature. She will help you in its realization. Ye who
yearn after Enlightenment, go to Nature. She will never fail to
grant your request.
Next: The Ancient Buddhist Pantheon
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