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A Sutra Equal In Size To The Whole World
The holy writ that Zen masters admire is not one of parchment...

The Ancient Buddhist Pantheon
The ancient Buddhist pantheon was full of deities or Buddhas,...

The Great Person And Small Person
For these reasons Zen proposes to call man Buddha-natured or ...

The Betterment Of Life
Again, people nowadays seem to feel keenly the wound of the ...

Where Does The Root Of The Illusion Lie?
Now let us examine where illusion lies hidden from the view o...

Poetical Intuition And Zen
Since Universal Life or Spirit permeates the universe, the po...

The Law Of Balance
Nature governs the world with her law of balance. She puts t...

The Disciples Under The Sixth Patriarch
Some time after this the Sixth Patriarch settled himself down...

The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...

Buddha The Universal Life
Zen conceives Buddha as a Being, who moves, stirs, inspires, ...

The Fourth Patriarch And The Emperor Tai Tsung (tai-so)
The Third[FN#40] Patriarch was succeeded by Tao Sin (Do-shin)...

Difficulties Are No Match For The Optimist
How can we suppose that we, the children of Buddha, are put a...

The Five Ranks Of Merit
Thus far we have stated how to train our body and mind accord...

The Bad Are The Good In The Egg
This is not only the case with a robber or a murderer, but al...

Sutras Used By Zen Masters
Ten Dai failed to explain away the discrepancies and contradi...

Zen Is Iconoclastic
For the followers of Bodhidharma, however, this conception of...

The Progress And Hope Of Life
How many myriads of years have passed since the germs of life...

Hinayanism And Its Doctrine
The doctrine of Transience was the first entrance gate of Hin...

The Second And The Third Patriarchs
After the death of the First Patriarch, in A.D. 528, Hwui Ko ...

The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...




The Parable Of A Drunkard








Now the question arises, If all human beings are endowed with
Buddha-nature, why have they not come naturally to be Enlightened?
To answer this question, the Indian Mahayanists[FN#171] told the
parable of a drunkard who forgets the precious gems put in his own
pocket by one of his friends. The man is drunk with the poisonous
liquor of selfishness, led astray by the alluring sight of the
sensual objects, and goes mad with anger, lust, and folly. Thus he
is in a state of moral poverty, entirely forgetting the precious gem
of Buddha-nature within him. To be in an honourable position in
society as the owner of that valuable property, he must first get rid
himself of the influence of the liquor of self, and detach himself
from sensual objects, gain control over his passion, restore peace
and sincerity to his mind, and illumine his whole existence by his
inborn divine light. Otherwise he has to remain in the same plight
to all eternity.


[FN#171] Mahaparinirvana-sutra.


Lot us avail ourselves of another figure to explain more clearly the
point at issue. Universal Spirit may fitly be likened to the
universal water, or water circulating through the whole earth. This
universal water exists everywhere. It exists in the tree. It exists
in the grass. It exists in the mountain. It exists in the river.
It exists in the sea. It exists in the air. It exists in the cloud.
Thus man is not only surrounded by water on all sides, but it
penetrates his very body. But be can never appease his thirst
without drinking water. In like manner Universal Spirit exists
everywhere. It exists in the tree. It exists in the grass. It
exists in the ground. It exists in the mountain. It exists in the
river. It exists in the sea. It exists in the bird. It exists in
the beast. Thus man is not merely surrounded by Spirit on all sides,
but it permeates through his whole existence. But he can never be
Enlightened unless he awakens it within him by means of Meditation.
To drink water is to drink the universal water; to awaken
Buddha-nature is to be conscious of Universal Spirit.

Therefore, to get Enlightened we have to believe that all beings are
Buddha-natured--that is, absolutely good-natured in the sense that
transcends the duality of good and bad. One day, to cite an
example, Pan Shan (Ban-zan) happened to pass by a meat-shop. He
heard a customer saying: 'Give me a pound of fresh meat.' To which
the shopkeeper, putting down his knife, replied: Certainly, sir.
Could there be any meat that is not fresh in my shop?' Pan Shan,
hearing these remarks, was Enlightened at once.






Next: Shakya Muni And The Prodigal Son

Previous: Buddha-nature Is The Common Source Of Morals



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