Samurai Do Thy Best And Leave The Rest To Providence
There is another point of view which enables us to enjoy life...
Where Then Does The Error Lie?
Where, then, does the error lie in the four possible proposit...
The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
There are, according to Zen, the four classes of religious an...
Nature Favours Nothing In Particular
There is another point of view of life, which gave the presen...
Life And Change
A peculiar phase of life is change which appears in the form ...
The Sermon Of The Inanimate
The Scripture of Zen is written with facts simple and familia...
Bodhidharma's Disciples And The Transmission Of The Law[fn#31]
[FN#31] For details, see Chwen Tang Luh and Den Ka Roku, b...
The Application Of The Law Of Causation To Morals
Although it may be needless to state here the law of causatio...
The Parable Of A Drunkard
Now the question arises, If all human beings are endowed with...
Retribution In The Past The Present And The Future Life
Then a question suggests itself: If there be no soul that su...
Man Is Both Good-natured And Bad-natured According To Yan Hiung
According to Yang Hiung and his followers, good is no less re...
Bodhidharma And His Successor The Second Patriarch
China was not, however, an uncultivated[FN#29] land for the s...
Great Men And Nature
All great men, whether they be poets or scientists or religio...
Zen And Supernatural Power
Yoga[FN#250] claims that various supernatural powers can be a...
The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...
Life Consists In Conflict
Life consists in conflict. So long as man remains a social a...
Our Conception Of Buddha Is Not Final
Has, then, the divine nature of Universal Spirit been complet...
Poetical Intuition And Zen
Since Universal Life or Spirit permeates the universe, the po...
Zazen And The Forgetting Of Self
Zazen is a most effectual means of destroying selfishness, th...
Buddha The Universal Life
Zen conceives Buddha as a Being, who moves, stirs, inspires,
The Spiritual Attainment Of The Sixth Patriarch
Some time before his death (in 675 A.D.) the Fifth Patriarch
announced to all disciples that the Spirit of Shakya Muni is hard to
realize, that they should express their own views on it, on condition
that anyone who could prove his right realization should be given
with the Kachaya and created the Sixth Patriarch. Then the venerable
Sung Siu, the head of the seven hundred disciples, who was considered
by his brothers to be the man entitled to the honour, composed the
The body is the Bodhi-tree.[FN#43]
The mind is like a mirror bright on its stand.
Dust it and wipe it from time to time,
Lest it be dimmed by dust and dirt.
[FN#43] The idea expressed by these lines is clear enough. Body is
likened to the Bodhi-tree, under which Shakya Muni attained to his
supreme enlightenment; for it is not in another body in the future
existence, but in this very body that one had to get enlightened.
And mind is pure and bright in its nature like a mirror, but the dirt
and dust of passions and of low desires often pollute and dim it.
Therefore one should dust and wipe it from time to time in order to
keep it bright.
All who read these lines thought that the writer was worthy of the
expected reward, and the Fifth Patriarch also, appreciating the
significance of the verses, said: If men in the future would
practise Zen according to this view, they would acquire an excellent
result. Hwui Nang, the rice-pounder, hearing of them, however,
secretly remarked that they are beautiful, but hardly expressive of
the Spirit of Shakya Muni, and wrote his own verses, which ran as
There is no Bodhi-tree,[FN#44]
Nor is there a mirror stand.
Nothing exists from the first
What can be dimmed by dust and dirt?
[FN#44] These verses have often been misunderstood as expressive of
a nihilistic view, but the real meaning is anything but nihilistic.
Mind is pure and bright in its essence. It is always free from
passions and mean desires, just as the sun is always bright, despite
of cloud and mist that cover its face. Therefore one must get an
insight into this essential nature of Mind, and realize that one has
no mean desires and passions from the first, and also that there is
no tree of Bodhi nor the mirror of Enlightenment without him, but
they are within him.
Perhaps nobody ever dreamed such an insignificant fellow as the
rice-pounder could surpass the venerable scholar in a religious
insight, but the Fifth Patriarch saw at once an Enlightened Soul
expressed in those lines; therefore he made up his mind to give the
Kachaya to the writer, in whom he found a great spiritual leader of
future generations. But he did it secretly at midnight, lest some of
the disciples from envy do violence to Hwui Nang. He was, moreover,
cautious enough to advise his successor to leave the Monastery at
once, and go back to the South, that the latter might conceal his
Enlightenment until a time would come for his missionary activities.
Next: Flight Of The Sixth Patriarch
Previous: The Fifth And The Sixth Patriarchs