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The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen
After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Si...

The Great Person And Small Person
For these reasons Zen proposes to call man Buddha-natured or ...

Three Important Elements Of Zen
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The Law Of Balance In Life
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The Next Step In The Mental Training
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Man Is Bad-natured According To Siun Tsz
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Enlightenment Is Beyond Description And Analysis
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The Four Alternatives And The Five Categories
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Origin Of Zen In India
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The Absolute And Reality Are But An Abstraction
A grain of sand you, trample upon has a deeper significance t...

Zen And Idealism
Next Zen makes use of Idealism as explained by the Dharmalaks...

The Courage And The Composure Of Mind Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Fourthly, our Samurai encountered death, as is well known, wi...

The Eternal Life As Taught By Professor Munsterberg
Some philosophical pessimists undervalue life simply because ...

Do Thy Best And Leave The Rest To Providence
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Each Smile A Hymn Each Kindly Word A Prayer
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The Manliness Of The Zen Monk And Of The Samurai
Thirdly, both the Zen monk and the Samurai were distinguished...

Zen And The Regent Generals Of The Ho-jo Period
No wonder, then, that the representatives of the Samurai clas...




The Development Of The Southern And Of The Northern School Of Zen








After the death of the Fifth Patriarch the venerable Shang Siu,
though not the legitimate successor of his master, was not inactive
in the propagation of the faith, and gathered about him a number of
enthusiastic admirers. This led to the foundation of the Northern
school of Zen in opposition to the Southern school led by the Sixth
Patriarch. The Empress Tseh Tien Wa Heu,[FN#45] the real ruler of
China at that time, was an admirer of Shang Siu, and patronized his
school, which nevertheless made no further development.


[FN#45] The Emperor Chung Tsung (Chu-so, A.D. 684-704) was a nominal
sovereign, and the Empress was the real ruler from A.D. 684 to 705.


In the meanwhile the Sixth Patriarch, who had gone to the South,
arrived at the Fah Sing Monastery in Kwang Cheu, where Yin Tsung
(In-shu), the abbot, was giving lectures on the Mahayana sutras to a
number of student monks. It was towards evening that he happened to
overhear two monks of the Monastery discussing about the flag
floating in air. One of them said: It is the wind that moves in
reality, but not the flag. No, objected the other, it is the
flag that moves in reality, but not the wind. Thus each of them
insisted on his own one-sided view, and came to no proper conclusion.
Then the Sixth Patriarch introduced himself and said to them: It is
neither the wind nor the flag, but your mind that moves in reality.
Yin Tsung, having heard these words of the stranger, was greatly
astonished, and thought the latter should have been an extraordinary
personage. And when he found the man to be the Sixth Patriarch of
Zen, he and all his disciples decided to follow Zen under the master.
Consequently Hwui Nang, still clad like a layman, changed his
clothes, and began his patriarchal career at that Monastery. This is
the starting-point of the great development of Zen in China.






Next: Missionary Activity Of The Sixth Patriarch

Previous: Flight Of The Sixth Patriarch



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